XML Namespaces

Oga fully supports registering XML namespaces and querying elements using these namespaces, including alternative default namespaces.

Namespaces can be registered in two ways:

  1. Namespaces defined in the document itself (e.g. xmlns:foo="...")
  2. By using Oga::XML::Element#register_namespace

Note that manually registering namespaces does not alter the input document when serialized back to XML. To do so you’ll have to manually add the corresponding attributes using Oga::XML::Element#set.

Document Namespaces

Documents can contain two types of namespaces:

  1. Named namespaces
  2. Default namespaces

The first are registered as following:

<root xmlns:foo="http://foo.com">


Here we register a new namespace with prefix “foo” and URI “http://foo.com”.

Default namespaces are registered in a similar fashion, except they come without a prefix:

<root xmlns="http://foo.com">


Manually Registered Namespaces

If you ever want to register a namespace yourself, without having to first change the input document, you can do so as following:

element = Oga::XML::Element.new(:name => 'root')

element.register_namespace('foo', 'http://foo.com')

Trying to register an already existing namespace will result in ArgumentError being raised.

Listing Namespaces

To query all the namespaces available to an element you can use Oga::XML::Element#available_namespaces. This method returns a Hash containing all Oga::XML::Namespace instances available to the element. The keys are the namespace prefixes, the values the Namespace instances. Inner namespaces overwrite outer namespaces.


element = Oga::XML::Element.new(:name => 'root')

element.register_namespace('foo', 'http://foo.com')

element.available_namespaces # => {"foo" => Namespace(name: "foo", uri: "http://foo.com")}